MAKHACHKALA, may 8. / TASS /. Scientists nust "Moscow Institute of Steel and Alloys" ("Misa") together with colleagues from Dagestan State University for the first time in Russia held Naryn-Kala in Derbent. This structure may be the Christian Church in the early fourth century, told TASS leading expert of nust "Misa" head of laboratories of the physics Institute imeni P. N. Lebedev Academy of Sciences (LPI RAS), Professor Natalia Polukhina.
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"Naryn-Kala in Derbent, because until now, there are serious disputes about archaeologists about what it is. In its structure it is very similar to a Christian Church, we are talking about a possible Dating 300 years of our era. We hope to see the structure of this building and, perhaps, some of the surrounding buildings, with our method"- said Polukhin.
According to her, the method of muon radiography allows the scanning of large quantities of natural and industrial objects in the same way as does x-ray.
"Particles from space – the muons, which make up the natural background that passes through the object, absorbed in different parts with different density. Where the object is more dense, stronger and they are absorbed, respectively, taken shadow image, where the object is empty, we see the cavity"- explained the expert.
As told by Professor Polukhina, muon sensors were installed at a depth of 10 meters inside the building. "Two months they were exposed to cosmic muons, April 20, we took them off and now have to analyze that. Most likely, then we will put the sensors for a longer time and in a slightly different place to cover a large area and give a more accurate picture of this structure"- said the Agency interlocutor.
The final result should be the creation of the 3D models of the underground structures, which will allow to judge about his appointment.
The temple or the tank?
As told in the press service of nust "Misa" researched 12-meter room, hidden under the ground. After the capture of Derbent by the Arabs (about 700 BC), the building was covered with earth and was later used as storage for water. However, the study of ancient structures using traditional methods – using the excavation – it is difficult.
"First, the fortress Naryn-Kala refers to the objects of cultural heritage, and secondly, it is unclear how to behave when freed from earth, so long exposed to water"- explained the press service.
The fortress of Naryn-Kala
So today, scientists continued to argue about what was a mysterious structure under the ancient fortress. Some researchers believed that it was originally built as a conventional water tank.
"In this fortress there is at least one such building is the 10 meter depth, but it is simply a rectangular "box". Here is a cross-shaped form, walled up the entrances, facing the cardinal directions. It is unclear why build a tank of such a complex shape? But while common opinion about the purpose of the building does not exist, there are two equal points of view. We do not claim to define the historical purpose of the building, but if it is confirmed by the hypothesis that it is a temple, I think it will be a very interesting discovery, not only for the Christian world"- said Polukhin.
The pyramid of Cheops and the prevention of tragedies
According to the expert, now in the world. In particular, it is used for exploration of gold deposits in Canada, as well as in the study of the structure of a glacier in Switzerland.
"One of the last and the most famous results is the study of the pyramids in Egypt, which was held by our Japanese colleagues together with the Cairo University. In 2016 this method was found in the pyramid of Cheops. In addition, was found another void above the main entrance to the great pyramid. This was the largest discovery in the study of the Egyptian pyramids since the nineteenth century"- said Professor Polukhina.
According to her, in Russia, this method is still under implementation, and the ancient structure, in Dagestan, was chosen for the first time. In the future, the method will not only help to archaeological studies, but also to prevent the tragedy.
"This technique can be used, for example, for monitoring of mines. Tragic cases, like mine peace (in August 2017, as a result of the breakthrough of water from the quarry, had eight people were missing, . No other way to enlighten kilometer thickness of the earth is impossible. Our method allows to determine the presence of these voids, and accordingly, to prevent such tragedies in the future"- said the interlocutor of the TASS.